What Are Skin Care Acids and How Do You Use Them?

Some of us would respond poorly when we talk about acids and skin care since we have unfavorable perceptions about it. We'll ponder about chemistry and how pH levels affect everything when it comes to acid. A value of 7 reflects the product's neutrality and the way that this exact number splits the two distinct pH scales.

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These days, a lot of skin care products contain acids because of their two potent primary groups, which can have a miraculous impact on our skin. The Alpha- and Beta-hydroxy acids (AHA and BHA) are the two categories I'm referring to. According to Healthline, both groups dislodge the fluid holding cells to the skin's top layers, revealing a smoother, more radiant surface. In most cases, hundreds of skin cells shed at once when the acid breaks the bonding holding them together. This shedding can really be seen with the unaided eye, depending on how strong the acid is. Because of this, these two acids are utilized to exfoliate the skin, which might result in a fairer and brighter complexion.

What distinguishes AHA and BHA from one another?

Alpha-hydroxy acids are a wonderful alternative for addressing fine wrinkles, roughness, and dullness because they are water-soluble and primarily work on the skin's surface. The exfoliation of the epidermis with those acids leaves the skin brighter, evens out skin tone and texture, and may help accelerate the formation of collagen.

Beta-hydroxy acids, on the other hand, may go deep within blocked pores and are thus useful for treating and preventing acne.

Here are several options for acids that might improve our skin as we can clearly see how different those two acids are from one another. Some of them may be more puzzling than others.

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Alpha-Hydroxy Acids

🌺Glycolic Acid
One of the most often used acids in cosmetics, glycolic acid comes from sugar. It is one of the most powerful acids accessible since it contains the smallest molecule of all the acids and penetrates the deepest. This acid thickens the skin, restores collagen, and balances the tone of the skin.

🌺Lactic Acid
This acid, which can be used on those with sensitive skin, is made from fermented milk or sugar. Out of all the acids, it has the second-smallest molecular size. It attracts moisture to the skin and is milder than glycolic, making it a moisturizing agent as well.

🌺Citrus Acids
Usually, apples and lemons or grapefruits are used to make this acid. These more potent substances target the epidermis and are frequently mixed with glycolic or lactic acids to increase their potency.

Beta- Hydroxy Acids

🌺Salicylic Acid
This is among the most often used substances for reducing breakouts. In addition to exfoliating away dead skin cells, this acid penetrates and dissolves the oil that clogs pores. It contains anti-inflammatory qualities and doesn't irritate the skin.

How Are Skin Care Acids Used?

Acids aren't all used for peeling. We may include them into our routine in a number of different ways.

AHAs or BHAs are present in certain cosmetics. A salicylic acid cleanser is worthwhile to try if you have oily or acne-prone skin since it targets blocked pores and aids in their healing even when left on your skin for only a few minutes.

However, before attempting any acids, we should test the formula on our inner arm and wait 24 to 48 hours to determine whether we have any reaction. If everything is okay, try putting the acid on our face. A slight stinging feeling is acceptable, but when we feel a scorching sensation that is unpleasant, that is a different situation and we should be concerned.

Once we've discovered an acid-based serum, lotion, or mask, try using it for a week or two to observe how our skin responds. If the results are positive after that, we can increase usage.

Last but not least, remember to always wear sunscreen because using acid-based products makes our skin more vulnerable to UV rays. We should also avoid using two different acids at once, especially if we have sensitive skin because it may irritate or negatively affect the skin.


Disclaimer: Hanneloveskincare is not a business website. The opinions expressed here are unbiased and based only on my own experiences; they do not promise that you will have the same results. My reviews reflect my utmost sincerity. I paid for the products I review here out of my own pocket. Products provided by brands are otherwise specified.